Mercedes-Benz GL-Class: How the occupant classificationsystem works - Occupant Classification System(OCS) - Occupant safety - Safety - Mercedes-Benz GL-Class Owner's ManualMercedes-Benz GL-Class: How the occupant classificationsystem works

The OCS is standard equipment in the USA.

The OCS categorizes the occupant on the front-passenger seat by means of a weight sensor. The front-passenger front air bag is deactivated automatically for certain weight categories. The lamp shows you the current status. If the indicator lamp shows you the current status. If the the front-passenger front air bag is indicator lamp is illuminated, the front-passenger front air bag is deactivated.

The system does not disable:

the side impact air bag
the window curtain air bag
the Emergency Tensioning Devices/belt buckle tensioners

To be classified correctly, the front passenger must sit:

with the seat belt fastened correctly
in a position that is as upright as possible with their back against the seat backrest
with their feet on the floor

If the front-passenger's weight is transferred to another object in the vehicle (e.g. by leaning on armrests), OCS may not be able to approximate the occupant's weight category.

In addition, the occupant weight may appear to increase or decrease due to the following:

objects hanging on the seat
objects lodged underneath the seat
objects lodged between the seat and the center console
objects lodged between the seat and the door
other passengers exerting weight on the seat
objects applying pressure to the back of the seat

Make sure that the seat always has clearance in all directions.

If the front-passenger seat, the seat cover or the seat cushion are damaged, have the necessary repair work carried out at an authorized Mercedes-Benz Center.

For safety reasons, Mercedes-Benz recommends that you only use seat accessories which have been approved by Mercedes-Benz.

Both the driver and the passenger should always use the lamp as an indication of whether or not the indicator lamp as an indication of whether or not the passenger is properly positioned.

WARNING If the  indicator lamp 
If the
illuminates when an adult or someone larger indicator lamp illuminates when an adult or someone larger than a small individual is in the front passenger seat, have the front passenger reposition himself or herself in the seat until the or check whether objects are caught under or indicator lamp goes out, or check whether objects are caught under or around the seat.
In the event of a collision, the air bag control unit will not allow front passenger front air bag deployment when the OCS has classified the front passenger seat occupant as weighing as much as or less than a typical 12-month-old child in a standard child restraint or if the front passenger seat is classified as being empty.
When the OCS senses that the front passenger seat occupant is classified as being up to or less than the weight of a typical 12-month-old child in a standard child restraint, the
lamp indicator lamp will illuminate when the engine is started and remain illuminated. This indicates that the front passenger front air bag is deactivated.
When the OCS senses that the front passenger seat is classified as being empty, the
illuminate when the engine is started and indicator lamp will illuminate when the engine is started and remain illuminated. This indicates that the front passenger front air bag is deactivated.
When the OCS senses that the front passenger seat occupant is classified as being heavier than the weight of a typical 12-month-old child seated in a standard child restraint or as being a small individual (such as a young teenager or a small adult), the
illuminate indicator lamp will illuminate for approximately 6 seconds when the engine is started. Depending on occupant weight sensor readings from the seat, it will then remain illuminated or go out. With the the front passenger front air bag is indicator lamp illuminated, the front passenger front air bag is deactivated. With the indicator lamp out, the front passenger front indicator lamp out, the front passenger front air bag is activated.
When the OCS senses that the front passenger seat occupant is classified as an adult or someone larger than a small individual, the
lamp indicator lamp will illuminate for approximately six seconds when the engine is started and then go out.
This indicates that the front passenger front air bag is activated.
If the
illuminated, the front passenger front air bag indicator lamp is illuminated, the front passenger front air bag is deactivated and will not be deployed.
If the illuminated, the front passenger front air bag indicator lamp is not illuminated, the front passenger front air bag is activated and will be deployed
in the event of certain frontal impacts
if the impact exceeds a predetermined triggering threshold
independently of the side impact air bags If the front passenger front air bag is deployed, the rate of inflation will be influenced by
the rate of vehicle deceleration as assessed by the air bag control unit
the front passenger's weight category as identified by the OCS

For further information, see "air bag display messages".

WARNING According to accident statistics, children are 
According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained on the rear seats than on the front-passenger seat. Thus, we strongly recommend that children be placed in the rear seats whenever possible.
Regardless of seating position, children 12 years old and under must be seated and properly secured in an appropriately sized child restraint system or booster seat recommended for the size and weight of the child.
The infant or child restraint system must be properly secured with the vehicle's seat belt, the seat belt and Top Tether strap, or lower anchors and Top Tether strap, fully in accordance with the child seat manufacturer's instructions.
Occupants, especially children, should always sit as upright as possible, wear the seat belt properly and use an appropriate sized infant restraint, toddler restraint, or booster seat recommended for the size and weight of the child.
Children can be killed or seriously injured by an inflating air bag. Note the following important information when circumstances require you to place a child in the frontpassenger seat:
Your vehicle is equipped with air bag technology designed to deactivate the front-passenger front air bag in your vehicle when the system senses the weight of a typical 12-month-old child or less along with the weight of a standard appropriate child restraint on the front-passenger seat.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint on the front-passenger seat will be seriously injured or even killed if the front-passenger front air bag inflates in a collision which could occur under some circumstances, even with the air bag technology installed in your vehicle. The only means to eliminate this risk completely is never to place a child in a rear-facing child restraint in the frontpassenger seat. We therefore strongly recommend that you always place a child in a rear-facing child restraint on the rear seat.
If you install a rear-facing child restraint on the front-passenger seat, make sure the illuminated, indicating that the frontpassenger indicator lamp is illuminated, indicating that the frontpassenger front air bag is deactivated.
Should the
not illuminate or go out while the restraint indicator lamp not illuminate or go out while the restraint is installed, please check installation.
Periodically check the
indicator lamp while driving to make sure indicator lamp while driving to make sure the illuminated. If the indicator lamp is illuminated. If the indicator indicator lamp goes out or remains out, do not transport a child on the front-passenger seat until the system has been repaired.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint on the front-passenger seat will be seriously injured or even killed if the front-passenger front air bag inflates.
If you place a child in a forward-facing child restraint on the front-passenger seat:
- move the seat as far back as possible
- use the proper child restraint recommended for the age, size and weight of the child
- secure child restraint with the vehicle's seat belt according to the child seat manufacturer's instructions
For children larger than a typical 12-monthold child, the front-passenger front air bag can be activated or deactivated.

If the driver's air bag deploys, this does not mean that the front-passenger front air bag also has to deploy.

The OCS may have detected that the seat:

was empty or occupied by a person with a weight of up to or less than that of a typical 12-month-old child seated in a standard child restraint
was occupied by a small individual, such as a young teenager or a small adult
was occupied by a child in a child restraint system, whose weight is greater than that of a typical 12-month-old child.

These are examples of when the OCS deactivates the front-passenger front air bag.

Deactivation takes place although the collision fulfills the criteria for deploying the driver's air bag.

If the SmartKey has been removed from the

If the SmartKey has been removed from the ignition lock or is in position 0, indicator lamp WARNING   1 does not light up.

WARNING If the red  SRS warning lamp in the 
If the red instrument cluster and the SRS warning lamp in the instrument cluster and the
indicator lamp light up simultaneously, the indicator lamp light up simultaneously, the OCS is malfunctioning. The front passenger front air bag will be deactivated in this case.
Have the system checked by qualified technicians as soon as possible. Contact an authorized Mercedes-Benz Center.
Only have the seat repaired or replaced at an authorized Mercedes-Benz Center.
In order to ensure proper operation of the air bag system and OCS:
Do not place more than 4.4 lb(2 kg) into the parcel net on the rear of the front passenger seat. Otherwise, the OCS may not be able to properly approximate the occupant weight category.
Do not place objects under and/or around the front passenger seat.
Do not hang anything from or attach any items to the seats.
do not store any objects, such as books, between the front passenger seat and the center console or the front-passenger door.
Do not move the front passenger seat backwards against rigid objects.
Sit with the seat belt properly fastened in a position that is as upright as possible with your back against the seat backrest.
When seated, a passenger should not position him/herself in such a way as to cause the passenger's weight to be lifted from the seat cushion as this may result in the OCS being unable to correctly approximate the passenger's weight category.
Read and observe all warnings in this chapter.

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